# Assume that MM’s theory holds with taxes. There is no growth, and the \$40 of debt is expected to be permanent. Assume a 40% corporate tax rate. a. How much

Assume that MM’s theory holds with taxes. There is no growth, and the \$40 of debt is expected to be permanent. Assume a 40% corporate tax rate. a. How much of the firm’s value is accounted for by the debt-generated tax shield? b. How much better off will UF’s a shareholder be if the firm borrows \$20 more and uses it to repurchase stock? Problem 14-24 Some companies’ debt-equity targets are expressed not as a debt ratio, but as a target debt rating on a firm’s outstanding bonds. are the pros and cons of setting a target rating, rather than a target ratio? Problem 15-6 A project costs \$1 million and has a base-case NPV of exactly zero (NPV = 0). is the project’s APV in the following cases? a. If the firm invests, it has to raise \$500,000 by a stock issue. Issue costs are 15% of net proceeds. b. If the firm invests, its debt capacity increases by \$500,000. The present value of interest tax shields on this debt is \$76,000. Problem 15-9 The WACC formula seems to imply that debt is “cheaper” than equity–that is, that a firm with more debt could use a lower discount rate. Does this make sense? Explain briefly.